Sunday, April 01, 2007

Forum: Is African unity a dream worth pursuing?

Forum: Is African unity a dream worth pursuing?


Gamal Nkrumah argues for a renewed political commitment to the African unity that his father envisaged
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Osabutey Anny in Tema, Ghana writes
Those calling for African unity are just making a mockery of themselves.
Look at the continent today, every so-called president wants to stay in power till death so the question is, who should head the union?
This alone is enough for those advocating African unity to stop before their throats run dry.
Emmanuel Thompson writes
In unity lies strength. African unity can be traced back to the formation of Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in 1963 now the African Union (AU) has two main agendas.
The first is to ensure the decolonisation or political emanicipation of the African continent, and the second is to ensure the economic intergration of the continent.
It is only with the achievement of both of these that one can confidently say that the dream of African unity has been realised.
The decolonisation of the African continent has been achieved; what is yet to become a reality is economic integration.
In my opinion African unity is still a dream worth pursuing, however problems such as ethnicity, quest for power, amassing of wealth by corrupt leaders, diseases, ethnic conflict, manipulation of data on Africa by African leaders, unhealthy rivalry between ruling governments and oppositions, and international trade conditions are likely to delay this dream.
Atina Ndindeng in Manchester, England writes
African unity is just a mirage because of greed, dishonesty, and corruption among the executive whom we hold in such high esteem and should be setting an example, but they are all failures and political demagogues, shame to most African heads.
Cornelius Adjetey in London, England writes
I am the founder of the AFRICAN UNITY MOVEMENT (Uniting people of African origin for economic progress) University of Westminster. I salute any persons who share this dream. This is the ONLY way forward for Africa.
Whoever says this is not possible is a big failure. We need to educate ourselves, friends and people around us about Africa unity.
We have started with an awareness programme and we need support from all believers.
Checkwell Tom Siwa in Kampala, Uganda writes
For the sake of catching up with the West, I believe Gamal is ultimately correct.
If we are to be on an equal footing with the rest of the world, we have one choice, UNITY. THE UNITED STATES OF AFRICA.
It will expand our markets, bring harmony among Africans and a give us better bargaining power when dealing with the West.
Musa Kalawa in Los Angeles, USA writes
Yes, it is worth pursuing: To support my thesis, we most first look at the prospective benefits presented by the idea of a united Africa.
With unity, there will surely be less conflict in the continent.
With unity, we will be able to better understand and respect the diversity in our cultural differences.
With unity, there will be fewer borders thereby allowing most Africans to assimilate into other cultures which will help us better understand each other.
John Moi in Khartoum, Sudan writes
A majority of people will accept that the question of who is an African is still problematic.
Culturally, the guys in North Africa including our own Sudan consider themselves as Arabs.
In secondary school days we learned about the map of the Arab world to really emphasise that my country belongs to that part of the world.
Pan-Africanism and Pan-Arabism oppose each other to the effect that North Africans have very little to do with the rest of sub-saharan Africa.
We cannot subscribe to the idea of united states of Africa without answering this genuine identity question in clear terms.
Aturjong Abraham in Khartoum, Sudan writes
Come on African leaders, give your response to the idea of African unity. Please make it meaningful and credible to the next generation and all people around the continent.
We look to you to hear how you support the vision of Mr Gamal Nkrumah.
Philip A Boldit in Texas, USA writes
A United Sates of Africa is a dream that is attainable. I think that eastern Africa, together with South Africa will be the first to achieve this dream.
But what Africa needs now is the assurance from the big powers, like UK, France, USA and China that a united Africa is not a threat to their interests.
African Arab countries of Sudan, Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Morocco, and Mauritania will have a difficult choice: They will either look more to the Middle East or accept the political reality of being Africans ahead of anything else.
Dagnogo Bakary in Abidjan, Ivory Coast writes
Africans must keep in having faith in the African unity. Africans' efforts will be rewarded one day thanks to God. May our dream come true despite the hardships we Africans encounter.
Okey Aligbe in Niamey, Niger
Gamal Nkrumah should return to Ghana and first unite with his kith and kin before preaching African unity. Action speaks louder than words!
Sieh from Marietta in the USA writes
Which religious principles will a united Africa be founded upon?
I am one hundred percent in favour of a United States of Africa, but there is a catch. The United States of America was founded on Christian principles, that is why we have United States of America today, what principles will Africa be founded on?
We have got to look in that area also. Right now, the world has been poisoned by Christain and Islam religions - Let's take that into account.
If we do unite, which principles are we going to follow?
My mother once said, "asking to know something doesn't make you stupid", therefore, I would appreciate it very highly if someone could enlighten me on the possiblity of Africa been one country.
Dennis Turner in Middlesex, England writes
It's time Africa unite. With Africans putting aside selfishness and greed, religious, tribal, and cultural differences, then a united Africa would be one of the most powerful states on earth. Otherwise I foresee an extinction of the African race purely because of selfishness and greed.
Abednego Majack in Rumbek, Sudan writes
United States of Africa? The phrase sound good but the question is, do we really see ourselves as African regardless of our colonial boundaries, religions and regional groupings?
Here in Sudan our problem is greed that hides behind religious claims such as a non-muslim cannot rule a muslim. What is so much special with our creeds that we totally failed to understand that we are all still Africans living on the African continent?
Kwame Nkrumah's vision of a united Africa is at threat unless the Pan African Ideology is fully understood in Somalia, Sudan, Mauritania and Egypt so that people in these countries see themselves as African and not Arabs, see themselves as brothers and sisters not Muslims and Christians.
Aquiring an Arab naturalisation either through birth or by religion is fine but does it mean creating an Arab continent within the African one?
The AU must be very serious when considering how to make African unity attractive otherwise the continent will still remain in two halves, sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa and problems will develop along that fault line.
Mustapha Shehu Barnoma in Khartoum, Sudan writes
USA sounds a great idea.
It is surprising that Africans are still refugees in their own countries and some people from another continents claim our countries and kill our brothers for their skin colour or just because they are Africans.
I would love a United States of Africa or a new Africa that represents Africans and their interests - an Africa for Africans.
C. Alexander Brown in Rockcliffe park, Canada writes
I want to say three things. First, yes, African countries should definitely unite. But an African united states is not possible. Too much ego stands in the way, too many regional interests, and also outside interference would prevent it. Would the USA want to see a truly united Africa? Would the leaders of northern African countries, [with the notable and admirable exception of President Ghadaffi], who admit to being African only when they need votes at the UN or for some other geo-political purposes, want a United Africa? Dream on!! So let us be realistic and practical and think of a Federation of African States along the lines of the European Union. And we should get on with it now. Right now.

Current African leaders are far lesser men that the African leaders who fought for independence... Nyerere had the guts to invade Uganda to get rid of the homicidal maniac, Idi Amin.

Second, most of the current African leaders are far lesser men that the African leaders who fought for independence from colonialism; N'krumah, Luthuli, Nyerere, Kenyatta, to name just a few. Would these leaders stand by impotently, while Arab racists in Sudan rape black women and slaughter 200,000 black Africans? Nyerere had the guts to invade Uganda to get rid of the homicidal maniac mass murderer Idi Amin. I have nothing but contempt for most of today's African leaders who specialize in getting rich, attenting international conferences and making fine speeches - the blood of the victims of the Darfur holocaust is also on their hands as because they won't intervene overtly or covertly to save their black brothers and sisters.
Third, I want to point out what we ALL know, but do not speak about. The continent of Africa is the richest continent on planet earth with oil, gas, minerals and brilliant hard-working people. So why are the millions of ordinary people of Africa the poorest, sickest, most hungry and deseased folks on the face of our Earth? Every right-thinking, moral and proud African must declare personal war against this present situation. Otherwise we will continue to remain poor and miserable while making the rest of the people on earth, including those who have nothing but scorn and even hatred of us, rich. Surely, surely surely, we are better than this?
Malachy Osunwa, a Nigerian in Uganda writes
Africa can unite when we are able to accept each other as brothers and sisters and stop licking the boots of the 'white' people. When we begin to believe in our capacities as human beings, and not as 'slaves' of Europe.
When we begin to think and think hard, not just believe that our land is cursed by some non-existent deity. When we can build up some self-esteem before other continents and see ourselves as 'images of God'. These are some basic steps towards the unity of Africa.
The heads of states who form the AU are there planning to perpetuate themselves in power, they have little time to think of Africa. They seem to be united in criminal oppression of Africans and a sell-out of the cream of Africans due to poor infrastructural developments. They must repent to pave way for greater unity of the Africans.
Africans must get away from the deep-seated mutual distrust of their fellows that they nurse within their hearts, believing that these others are just there to "pull them down". Mutual distrust cannot give Africans unity. That is the fact!
Irving Baysah in Austin, Texas writes
I've always been a proponent of African unity. I sincerely believe it's the only way forward for all Africans.
Based on recent African history, I like another Ghanian's idea better; he's Edward Oppong, a construction worker in Texas.
He proposed that we start small communities of countries that would do more than just meet at ECOWAS meetings. I like his idea, because people with common interest will unite around that objective.
Instead of getting in big debts, I say - let one nation have a great science program (say Nigeria space program), another have a great electricity supply (say Ghana's dam) and have another have a great rice/yam farm (say Liberia) and find a way for mutual cooperation.
Let's face it, being black is looked down upon everywhere (including Africa). The Arabs will never respect us until we rise above the immense poverty and bring back our dignity from the days of Ghana, Mali, Songhai and Ashanti empires.
People from around the world came to study at Timbuktu, we need to go back to those days. I BELIEVE THERE WILL BE NO UNIFICATION WITHOUT MUTUAL BENEFITS!!
Ibrahim Abubakar in Accra, Ghana writes
We have left our food unwatched and now that it is burning look at us complaining.

Saying and doing are two differents things; Nkrumah did not only pay lip service in the independence speech of Ghana, he also went a long way to walk the walk.
How many African leaders after him were ready to shelve their countries interest for all of Africa? Nkrumah was accused of serving the interests of Africa to the detriment of Ghana, but at the end of the day it did benefit the whole continent.
In this day and age where we as Africans cannot draw a line between where skin colour, ethnicity, religion and culture end and where Africanism and so-called hypocrisy of democracy begins, unity will continue to elude us.
We have left our food unwatched and now that it is burning look at us complaining.
All we are good at is ranting and raving about racism, Africanism, united Africa and African unity but we fail to show any political will to work towards that AFRICAN UNITY!
Israel Ambe Ayongwa in Bamenda, Cameroon writes
Lofty as this idea of a United States of Africa is, one major barrier towards this is the colour factor.
Maghrebian states more often than not will prefer to side with their Arab siblings in the Middle-East to the detriment of black Africans in sub-Saharan Africa.
Immigrants using north Africa as a conduit to Europe have often decried the mistreatment they are subjected to in this region and the situation is deteriorating to a stage where every black African found up north is viewed as a potential migrant to Europe.
If we can overcome this colour barrier, then we will have initiated a crucial step towards fostering African integration.
Godlove Stephen Mbisse in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania writes
"United African States" sounds brilliant! However I think the unification was much easier then than now.
It is a lost opportunity for African presidents have already tasted the sweetness of being in power and most of them are drunk from it.
I don't think African heads of states are ready to sacrifice their power and sovereignty at the altar of unification.
Betty July in Juba, Sudan writes
It is imperative for Africa to unite only if we Africans accept ourselves as African and genuinely support each other.
While we still identify ourselves by our boundaries, religions or denominations, I am still sceptical about this united Africa.
Dela Folie in Tema, Ghana writes
A lot has been said about the whole of Africa uniting - how great that would be!! How do we get it all started?
The first step I believe is to have the majority, if not all, of Africans being in favour of it.
Then where do we go from there? We've talked a lot, let's act and keep discussing. This beautiful continent Africa needs to unite.
Ebrima Sankareh in Raleigh, USA writes
I am glad that you are working towards your father's fantastic dream of continental unity. I am an admirer of your father's political philosopy and share the same view that African unity is a must.
I am originally from the west African state of The Gambia and had worked as a high school teacher and journalist before I fled Yahya Jammeh's tyranny.
"TYRANNY' & "CORRUPTION" are barriers to African unity and any effort at continental unity must tackle these evils.
Aturjong Abraham in Khartoum, Sudan writes
African leaders must take it seriously about what African unity will bring to the continent.
I do agree with Mr. Mark Wood for his comment (below) it is true that if African leaders and citizens commit themselves to unity then I think Africa's development will accelerate.
Johnny in Monrovia, Liberia writes
The idea of unity if great. I think it will enable peace and agreement for God's sake and the world.
I strongly oppose war lords recruiting child soldiers to satisfy their selfish gain.
Harun Mito Daudu, a Kenyan living in Richmond, USA writes
I totally concur with Kwameh's dream of African unity but I don't think that he managed to prepare other Africans to have the same vision that he had.
There are certain places the guest or the child can't go without permission, even though they share the house.

We talk of free movement and doing business among ourselves without impediments, that's fine but first we must put infrastructures in place to support these schemes so that it is not just rhetoric.
In the USA or EU, a child or a guest in a house has no absolute freedom and right to just wander about wherever and whenever he feels.
It never happened back then in Africa and it will never happen right now. There are certain places the guest or the child can't go without permission, even though they share the house.
Limits must be set and enforced. Let us put our "house" in order and seek with humility what we can and can not do in order to attain the freedom and respect for one another that we all yearn for.
Ernest, an African living in Nashville, Tennessee, USA writes
Did we have the Soviet Union fulfilling its commitment of creating a highly developed society for its people?
Didn't America fight a civil war to preserve the union - the super power that is the United States of America today?
Don't we have the European Union today that is growing into such a powerful socio-economic, cultural and commercial and political block that commands world attention?
Why would some Africans and their leaders not have embraced Nkrumah's idea of a continental union? Tell me they are poor souls with small minds who do not see further than their own shadows, and I am your man.
Speak up Gamal, and certainly the time will come when the truth and sanity of the idea of a union will overwhelm spineless, selfish, and pitiful skeptics who refuse to see the big picture. That day will surely come.
Moorish Nubian in Marrakech, Morocco writes
The AU - a healthy outcome
No! Africa Unity is not a dream rather a reality.
After 50 years it is a shame that the planted tree has not being watered for long enough to see the full bloom of its agenda of a union of African states.
But the healthy outcome is the renowned Africa Union - a new birth to give this generation stability and economic reforms.
Black Africans have always shared the platter with their Arab counterparts. The establishment of the O.A.U. and the creation of the Arab League; both bodies' agendas seem parallel.
Today what is happening in Darfur and what is happening in the West Bank are equally painful to both parties keen to seek peace.
Sauli Swai in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania writes
Recently, Kwame Nkrumah's dreams of African unity have faded because the continent is free from so-called colonialism.
Before independence, unity was an attractive option and Africa was open to any allies which showed any indication of helping them to overcome colonialism. That is why Russia and China, whom helped some African countries and treated themselves as the same, provided a more clear road to unity.
But now there is no symbol of unification, everyone is concentrating on saving their citizens from living on the less than a dollar a day breadline.
Mark Wood in Greenwood, California, USA writes
In a United States of Africa, a citizen could freely travel anywhere on the continent to seek education, opportunity, commerce or the simple pleasure of tourist travel.

A United States of Africa can prevent an African apocalypse on the horizon if unification does not happen NOW!
In a United States of Africa, a citizen could freely travel anywhere on the continent to seek education, opportunity, commerce or the simple pleasure of tourist travel within their vast country.
A common African currency much like the EU model affords the ability to buy and sell throughout the continent with a reliable backed currency.
Much of Africa's debt could be relieved if freedom and capitalism were able to thrive in any African state from taxes paid by companies involved in business in any African location.
An immediate positive effect would arise from and establish local, municipal and federal levels of the united African infrastructure throughout Africa. A United States of Africa debate must begin at once, in the media, on the airwaves, in discussions and editorials.
Clement Kuol Biong in Mahe, Seychelles writes
A veteran Sudanese politician, once compared the Sudan Socialist Union of Jafaar Numeiri's rule to a shadow tree where we come just to share the shade but what each person under the the tree is thinking about is not necessarily the same.
So how can Africa be united when we are still tribally fragmented and no African leader is interested in uniting his own people?
How can African unity become a dream come true when different groupings of the AU have their own hidden agendas.
The Arabs have never stopped their dream of imposing Islam culture on African masses by the sword, a practice which is still widespread in Sudan up to today.
Cherno Bah in Cardiff, UK writes
Gamal Nkrumah's feature on African continental unity, on the occasion of 50 years of independent nation states in that most beautiful of continents, is poignant, insightful and piercingly honest.
Indeed, Gamal's father knew that the only way Africa can assert its identity and strategic relevance, in a world of economic and political blocs, is by the creation of a unified continental governing body, empowered to formulate and implement a common foreign, defence, economic, health and social policy.
Nkrumah's vision for Africa has been and still remains the only plausible and holistic approach to the continent's numerous divisons and conflicts, and perhaps the only hope to front the ever-increasing exploitative and pimping advances of a neo-colonialist so-called 'G8 camp'.
Bethel Okara in Owerri, Nigeria writes
The decline in African/Arab co-operation is having adverse effect on Africa. It has created enemity between Arabs and non-Arabs in Africa; what is happening in Sudan is a clear example.
The AU should find way to promote African/Arab co-operation cos it will help to minimise the conflict in Africa.

Summit to focus on 'United States of Africa

January 31 2007 at 03:56PM
Addis Ababa - The next African Union summit to be held in Ghana's capital Accra in July will see a new push from some leaders to build what has been dubbed a 'United States of Africa', diplomats said on Wednesday.Several participants in a two-day AU summmit in Addis Ababa that wrapped up late on Tuesday said west African states were broadly supportive of a closer union, while countries from the south had been more sceptical.According to one delegate, South African President Thabo Mbeki told his peers at a closed-door meeting on Tuesday that "before you put a roof on a house, you need to build the foundations."
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By contrast, Senegal's President Abdoulaye Wade wrote a letter to his fellow heads of state at the summit urging that moves to draw up a constitution for a "government of the union" should be accelerated.And, Senegalese Foreign Minister Sheikh Tidiane Gadio said the next AU summit would be exclusively devoted to the idea of forging a closer union."This is an historic victory," he said. "Following the demand of President Wade, the next summit in Accra will only be about the issue of bringing about a United States of Africa."Ghana's President John Kufuor, who was elected the new AU chairman after member states rebuffed Sudan and will host the Accra meeting, said in closing remarks Tuesday that African states had much to gain by forging closer ties."Divided we are weak," he said. "United, Africa can become one of the world powers for good." - Sapa-AFP

Scholar Explores Problems And Challenges Of "United States Of Africa

March 05, 2007
Scholar Explores Problems And Challenges Of "United States Of Africa
Dr. Molefi Kete Assante, an African scholar, presents "Toward the African Renaissance: The Problems and Prospects of a New Africa" at 7 p.m. on March 8 in the Cooperage. The event will be streamed live on the web. To view visit http://streaming.sonoma.edu/.
Asante discusses the dream for a United States of Africa, a movement that begun by Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana's first president. Ghana celebrates its 50th year on March 6.
He examines the prospects for an African Renaissance based on the idea of an African Federative Union and present the prospects and problems of a continental government in Africa.
Asante is a professor in the Department of African American Studies at Temple University where he created the first Ph.D. Program in African American Studies in 1987.
He has published more scholarly books than any contemporary African author and has recently been recognized as one of the ten most widely cited African Americans. Black Issues in Higher Education recognized him as one of the most influential leaders in the last 15 years. As an activist scholar, he believes it is not enough to know, one must act to humanize the world.
The African Union honored him as one of the twelve top scholars of African descent when it invited him to give one of the keynote addresses at the Conference of Intellectuals of Africa and the Diaspora in Dakar in 2004.

AU to consider ‘United States of Africa’ at July summit in Accra

AU to consider ‘United States of Africa’ at July summit in Accra

Category: africa Dated: 27/03/2007 Forty-four years after Ghana’s first president Kwame Nkrumah called for a United States of Africa at the founding conference of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in Addis Ababa, this summer African leaders will once again debate the issue. Email Godwin Read & Reply Discussions [1] Alerts Godwin's Archive RSS - What is RSS? Share Story Print
Godwin Nnanna
Kwame Nkrumah thought a united Africa could break the chains of colonialism
Not one of us working singly and individually can successfully attain the fullest development. Kwame Nkrumah, at the first conference of the AU in 1963
Forty-four years after Ghana’s first president Kwame Nkrumah called for a United States of Africa at the founding conference of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in Addis Ababa, this summer African leaders will once again debate the issue.The proposal is being put forward by the incumbent chairman of African Union (AU) and will be considered by leaders of the 53 countries of the continent as they gather in Accra in July for this year’s AU summit. Ghana’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nana Akufo-Addo, announced this in a presentation to the Ghanaian parliament on the event. The proposal is to have a common African country that will be run federally, mirroring the formation of the United States of America. According to Akufo-Addo: “All member states have been asked to critically examine the issue ahead of the summit and to come up with steps needed to ensure its actualization.” Ghana’s parliament will debate the matter in during its sittings in May.Making the proposal in his speech at the Addis Ababa conference in 1963, Nkrumah had noted: “Not one of us working singly and individually can successfully attain the fullest development. Only a united Africa functioning under a union government can forcefully mobilize the material and moral resources of our separate countries and apply them efficiently and energetically to bring a rapid change in the conditions of our people.” Nkrumah’s idea of a united Africa is one with a union government with headquarters in a central place in Africa, (he actually suggested Banqui in the Central African Republic or Kinshasa in Congo), that will among other things have: a common economic and industrial development programme, a common currency, a common foreign policy, a common army and a common African citizenship.“The people of Africa call for the breaking down of the boundaries that keep them apart. They demand an end to the border disputes between sister African states – disputes that arise out of the artificial barriers raised by colonialism. It was colonialism’s purpose that divided us. It was colonialism’s purpose that left us with our border irredentism that rejected our ethnic and cultural fusion,” Nkrumah told participants at the conference.
Hope for Africa lies in a united continent
Work for unity with the firm conviction that without unity, there is no future for Africa. Julius Nyerere, Former President of Tanzania
“No independent African state today by itself has a chance to follow an independent course of economic development, and many of us who have tried to do this have been almost ruined or have had to return to the fold of the former colonial rulers. This position will not change unless we have a unified policy working at the continental level,” he added.Reflecting on that proposal by Nkrumah at a special lecture in Accra in March 1997, former president of Tanzania, Julius Nyerere noted: “Nkrumah was opposed to balkanization as much as he was opposed to colonialism in Africa. To him and to a number of us, the two – balkanization and colonialism were twins. Genuine liberation of Africa had to attack both twins. A struggle against colonialism must go hand in hand with a struggle against the balkanization of Africa.” Nyerere charged the new generation of African leaders with a charge. “This is my plea to the new generation of African leaders and African peoples: work for unity with the firm conviction that without unity, there is no future for Africa. Africans should spit in the face of anybody who suggests that our continent should remain divided and fossilized in the shame of colonialism, in order to satisfy the national pride of our former colonial masters.” The Accra Summit will also seek to address the composition of the AU Executive and a replacement for Alpha Konare who has indicated he intends to step down as a AU President. The African Peer Review Mechanism will also be on the menu of the summit and the unresolved business of pockets of conflicts in parts of the continent.

Saturday, March 31, 2007

AU Summit to consider ‘United States of Africa’

A major proposition of whether Africa will need to form a United States of Africa in the bid to promote greater integration will be on the table when Ghana hosts the African Union Summit in July. The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nana Akufo-Addo who announced the subject in his briefing of Parliament about the upcoming summit, said there will be need to consider the issue.The proposal is to run Africa federally as pertains in the United States of America.AU members states have been asked to deliberate on the issue ahead of the summit and to come up with steps needed to be taken to reach the goal. Ghana’s Parliament will debate the matter in May.The Accra Summit will also seek to address the composition of the AU Executive and a replacement for Alpha Konare who has indicated he intends to step down as a AU Presient.The African Peer Review Mechanism will also be on the menu of the summit and the unresolved business of pockets of conflicts in parts of the continent.Also in Parliament, President Kufuor’s recent round trip to Britain, Portugal and Algeria also came up for mention with the Minority raising issues about the President's failure to inform Parliament of his visit to Portugal.


Mozambican president urges prudence on 'United States of Africa'
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Mozambican President Armando Guebuza has said it would be precipitate to simply declare the existence of a "United States of Africa" at the current stage.
Before reaching any such stage there were the existing agendas (national, regional and international) to which countries had committed themselves, but which had not yet been implemented, a report of Mozambique News Agency from Maputo quoted Monday the president as saying.
Guebuza advised a great deal of careful consideration before embarking on such an ambitious project when he spoke to Mozambican journalists shortly before leaving the Libyan city of Sirte, where he had attended celebrations of the seventh anniversary of the African Union on.
The abolition of the current African frontiers would depend on each of the peoples of the countries concerned, he said.
It is not so much African leaderships that should decide on transforming the continent into a single state with a single government, he said.
He said that when sub-regional bodies such as Southern African Development Community had become successful, they might serve as platforms for the much broader integration of the entire continent into a "United States of Africa."
It is the Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi who has championed the idea of a "United States of Africa." During Saturday's anniversary celebrations he called for the establishment of this new continental body by a simple decree from the existing African heads of state.
He openly condemned those who regard the idea with skepticism, and said they should be forced to accept it. He claimed that those who oppose the "United States of Africa" are motivated by a wish to maintain their current privileges.


Your Comments
[ Post Comments » ]
Are you talking about the USSA (United Socialists States of Africa)?
My topic bears the message.
Posted By Pur'gu Sarpe

ideal concept
Before europe could even think of EEC Dr Nkrumah had already proposed this idea to the African community.Ofcourse it would been easier due to less conflict and economic strain in most newly indepent African countries count. However we have to interpret the concept to suit present day realities on the continent. Unity didnt come to America and Europe on a silver plata. My suggestion is, if two or three African countries are ready to uinte their economies and political systems they should proceed and I believe the benefits will attract other nations. In terms of economic and political stability, Ghana, Nigeria and South Africa can set the ball rolling towards forming the first united countries. I also want to point out that, Real Modern Africans are those living in sub saharan Africa. North Africans are Africans by conquest and annexation of the African continent.They are cross over Arabs. They have formed their own alliances with other Arab countries.
Posted By yxhomma

Let's change the wheel
This call seems to be in right direction because it fruit will help in reducing the ethnic’s political ideologist that has tassel in Africa political terrain. I know this will bring political disintegration going in Ghana and other part of African to curtailment and we shall see each other as one instead of decisive political climate we are witnessing today. Talking about who is going to be the head, l think this is not a big issue our leaders need to learn how to sell their opinions to the electorate colleges which will be different from tribal votes. Ethnical conglomerations in political terrain will be reviving to provide better and productive services to the whole Africa country. Qualified candidates can not canvass on tribal and pigmentation; instead they will find some thing thoughtful to tell the electorate college.
Posted By Simon

US what?
it seems our leaders in the countries have really lost focus.The idea is not bad, but how is it going to be imlemented?It is better we become innovative than alays following others blindly, if not copying them exactly.Charity I think, begins at home.Hence, we should unite ghana,first,then west africa before we move on to africa.We have to bite what we can chew
Posted By papafio

USA No. 2
"United States Of Africa" Is this a dream or a vision? This truly reveals the short-sighted, lack-of-vision leaders (or is it would-be leaders?) we have. How can you even conceive the idea of USA 2 when you cannot even deal with the strife in your own neighbourhood? As someone just said, you don't even know how to craw, and now you say you want to run. Get real, and stop talking like a child who doesn't know what he is talking about, future president of Ghana! Do you really have a vision for Ghana?
Posted By Kwaku Asiamah

MY WORRIES ARE
EVEN POLITICANS CANNOT ZIP UP THEIR PANTS.HOW MUCH MORE TO CONTROL PEOPLE WITH DIFFERENT DIALETS.GOD HAVE MERCY.
Posted By NII

United States of Africa
Perhaps "Association of African States" would be both more realistic and less difficult to avoid confusion of name aith United States of America.
Posted By Norbert A. Aminzia

Be Leaders!
I will start my submission by quoting a very important statement made by someone I respect as a statesman of Africa - Margaret Johnson Hilili of Abuja. She say "A man who thinks he has good leadership qualities should first assess how peaceful his home is". Indeed, if constituting a United States of Africa is the top agenda of this year's AU summit, I register my utmost disappointment. If we cannot ensure peace and stability in our mother Africa, how do we think of constituting a union such as that of America? Not to go too far, the AU itself is a good starting point for our assessment on the prospects of such a Union. If even within the AU, Zimbabwe and Sudan do not conform to rules and regulations, how could we be thinking of a United Africa at this time? I think I agree totally with the many people who believe that our leaders should first learn to walk before they run. Actually, I'll bring it to first learning to crawl before walking. This is the reason I believe young people should concentrate on developing the leadership base of Africa for a start. At least that way, we do not stand the risk of suffering at the hands of over ambitious presidents like those who seek forming US of Africa in a time when war and disturbance plagues Africa. Let's all think about this.
Posted By A. Y. Kuwornu

US of Africa
Africa and its people have suffered and continue to suffer as individual entities. It will be a dream come true for some of us if at least Black Africa should see sense to unite. It should just take forty two or so heads of states to passionately embrace this noble idea to make it a reality. Please, Please, Please make this happen for the benefit of the children of black Africa who are the most down-trodden and most exploited on earth. Together we stand, divided we fall. Long Live Black Africa
Posted By Ekow Reperkwa

US of Africa
Who will be the President of the United States of Africa. Will we ever be able to determine without further blood shed, who becomes the president. Au cant even handle Sudan , Congo and also looks on while Mugabe is turning the continent into a laughing stock. It is good to dream big but nine before ten
Posted By Kwame Asante

Its No News
It’s no news to hear this again and again because most, if not all African leaders believe in names or names of positions more than the responsibilities they have ahead of them. Our leaders will continue to meet, wearing their well sawn coats, sit in fantastic cars, eat sumptuous food, sleep in 7 star hotels, shake hands with beautiful women and handsome men of the world with a big smile that could only be shown to outsiders or outside their suffering countrymen and women. But nothing much will happen to us unless our leaders start being responsible and consider the needs of their people first before anybody else, either blue or green from anywhere in the world. They all want to show the so called donors that all is well in the country. GOD FORGIVE US AND BE WITH US ALL AS SOME OF US HAVE STARTED COMING BACK TO OUR SENSES. Long Live Ghana, Live Africa and Long Live The Dream of KWAME NKRUMAH
Posted By Spencer

oh!
but these african leaders paaa,if they don't have anything to discuss they should just do their usual cocktail and go back to their countries.are they serious atall
Posted By alangbai

Waste of Time
People of Dagbon cannot even settle their differences and you want a US of Africa. AU! do what you have to do and stop talking trash. Condemn Mugabe before anyone takes you serious!
Posted By Nebu

Window dressing United States of Africa
I will believe it when I see it. Forward Ever! Nkrumah Never Dies!
Posted By Yaw Adu-Asare

USA ? oh mine
Please let us our leaders be realistic for once. Even how united is West Africa-ECOWAS? What about East Africa. How do you deal with North Africa states who want to be part of EU. Do you think you can have troops to deals with guys like Zimbabwe and Sudan heads of state. Realistically form regional blocks-ECOWAS, Eastern Africa Block, Southern, Northern Africa etc, Then the blocks can join after 2115 AD. Please resource SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY to deal with and eradicate MALARIA AND HUNGER. Africa leaders learn to walk before you attempt to run. I hope you guys know the history of United States of America. They have one language and one skin color, yet, it was bloody. Once again please you should think of regional blocks, strong inter trade relationship and economic growth and the rest will follow. Nana Akuffo Addo if you want to be the President of Ghana, be more serious. First speak against Mugabe and Sudan.
Posted By Akwasi, US

AU LEADERS NOT FOCUSED
What is the difference between the AU and the USA? Why won't the AU leaders try the idea of the AU for sometime before the begin to think og making changes? It appears to me that the AU leaders are not focused and come up with dreamed ideas each time. Only yersday the OAU gave birth to the AU and the pre-mature AU is expecting a new birth. This is teenage pregnancy.
Posted By Che Andrew

Bunch of jokers
African leaders, if in deed this idea is high on their agenda, must be a buch of jokers and fantacists. They even find it hard to maintain the loose union, how much more a united states. They should rather focus on what is realistic to achieve rather than trying to do the impossible.
Posted By Dankwah-London

good idea but..
Africa's quest for an accelerated development will remain a mirage if it continues to push forward in its current fragmented form. This notwithstanding, the striking divisions based on ethnic, religious, political, and ideological lines must be overcome if such a United States must work. We must learn to crawl before we begin to run.
Posted By Alim, Toronto

Konaré sees need for a 'United States of Africa

A "United States of Africa" could help ensure the development of smaller, weaker African countries and the continent as a whole, according to Alpha Oumar Konaré, president of the African Union Commission and former President of Mali.
"The problems of Africa can not be solved in an isolated way," Dr. Konaré told a standing-room-only audience in the Elizabeth Rose Hall at UNU Tokyo July 24. "We need integration. We need solidarity."
He said that the continent's developing awareness of the need for integration and solidarity was not a threat to national sovereignty but rather an opportunity to face the real threats to sovereignty: multinational corporations and international financial institutions. "We cannot even draft a budget in our countries without their approval," Dr. Konaré said.
Dr. Konaré affirmed that the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) had created movement throughout Africa and had helped to put the continent back on the world agenda. He rejected the popular image of Africa as "a continent of AIDS, a continent of hunger, a continent of coup d'état. If we focus solely on the images presented by the media, we can only be sceptical if not desperate."
The lecture was introduced by UNU Rector Hans van Ginkel who described the framework developed at TICAD III within which UNU and the African Diplomatic Corps in Tokyo focus on solutions to Africa's development challenges. "The triangle of concern remains infrastructure, regional integration, and capital flows," Van Ginkel noted.
VIEW VIDEO

A.U. Leaders Contemplate a United States of Africa

A.U. Leaders Contemplate a United States of Africa
[Opinion] The E.U. success story a possible inspiration for proposed federation

Amin George Forji (amingeorge)
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Published 2007-03-28 11:53 (KST)


Africa is now in the spotlight like never before, with one very crucial concern of policy makers the world over being how to make the make the continent competitive with others. Although the retardation of growth in the continent can be blamed on both external and internal factors, it's the latter that call for greater scrutiny. With all the countries in the continent now independent, it goes without saying that they have since then had the yam and the knife in their own hands to dictate their own policies. But instead, they chose to rule with an iron fist, misappropriating their own resources in compliance with foreign exploiters. In fact, Africa has for so long lagged behind that she has been characterized as the latecomer to development.

After decades of dictatorship and authoritarian rule, it is only now that the wind of change has begun to blow across the continent, and several countries are beginning to embrace democracy as a system of governance. It's increasingly becoming more and more possible to change governments through the ballot box, and moreover, the protection and promotion of human rights has now become an agenda in static policies as well. These developments are beginning to be reflected too in issues affecting pan-Africa. The six-year-old African Union (A.U.) has already been praised for making a giant step in the right direction by increasing intervention in African crises, unlike it's defunct predecessor, the Organization of African Unity (O.A.U.), which was more or less a toothless bull dog. The A.U. has also grown to become one of the most important actors in international politics, as well as taking a definite stand on prominent issues rocking the continent.In fact, one of the most ambitious projects on the table right now is to move from the African Union to the "United States Of Africa" (U.S.A.). The incumbent chairman of the A.U.'s Assembly of Heads of State, President John Kuffour of Ghana, and chairman of the African Commission, Malian born Alpha Oumar Konare have already put forward the proposal to all the 53 members of the organization for reflection before the next summit this July in the Ghanaian capital of Accra. "All member states have been asked to critically examine the issue ahead of the summit and to come up with steps needed to ensure its actualization." Akufo-Addo, Ghana's Minister of Foreign Affairs, whose sitting president currently chairs the union, recently made the revelation to the Ghanaian parliament.According to the plan, loosely modeled after the United States of America (U.S.A.), all African countries would henceforth constitute just one single federal state, with 54 federated states (including Morocco which is presently not a member of the A.U.). Moreover, all the federated states would have a single integrated defense force, common currency, and all other institutions of state. Above all, the whole of Africa would be transformed into a common market, with no travel restrictions for African nationals.Each African parliament is now expected to debate it before the July summit. The Ghanaian parliament has already announced that it will begin debating the issue from its May session.But just how realistic is this dream?Realistic or Not?It is important to reflect on some of the stakes involved in this move to a United Africa. It should be recalled that this is not the first time that the option has been put on table. In fact, even before the European Economic Community (E.E.C.) was born, the Ghanaian nationalist and pioneer president, Kwame Nkrumah in 1963 had proposed during the pioneer summit of the Organization of African Unity (O.A.U.) in Addis Ababa, that Africa should defy the odds of colonialism by constituting itself under one country."Not one of us working singly and individually can successfully attain the fullest development. Only a united Africa functioning under a union government can forcefully mobilize the material and moral resources of our separate countries and apply them efficiently and energetically to bring a rapid change in the conditions of our people." Nkrumah suggested. But that option was blown aside like a candle in the wind. Why would the same same countries that rejected unification 43 years ago want to make a u-turn now? Would such unity be one of strength or weakness? If anything, I can only say that the last thing that a struggling Africa needs at the moment is unity in weakness.But how can unity be ensured in a continent where some of the worst humanitarian conflicts in places such as Darfur and Somalia are still ongoing?The answer may lie in Europe, which is a veritable success story. Before it could ever become a reality, Europe had been rocked by two bitter world wars, but the lessons of its successful "unification" has been that economic integration is the only policy that truly works. Most African conflicts will ultimately disappear if they suddenly consider unity as a means, and not as an end. Unity definitely has the potential to reinforce and accelerate the reaching of ends, provided those ends are not betrayed. On a personal note, I suggest that instead of the United States of Africa (U.S.A.), it should be called the States of United Africa (S.U.A.) to make a distinction from the current popular acronym U.S.A., which stands for the United States of America.If I were to give any further counsel, I would humbly recommend that Africans hasten this rush to achieve unity on the whole continent. It will create miracles that the authors themselves never envisaged. Long live the newfound continent Africa..

Monday, October 02, 2006

Why Kofi Annan should be nominated and elected as the 1st President of The United States of Africa

Founder's note:

The USA4USAfrica since it's inception on the Internet in 1996 has backed the idea of Kofi Annan as the top choice as the 1st President of a United States of Africa by the end of his 2nd term in the U.N. the time has now come....

I truly see the vision of you leading the first United Africa, may you be wise and just.

Mark Wood
Co - Founder
USA4USAfrica
www.UnitedStatesAfrica.com
661 270 0798 GreenValleyReporter@Journalist.com


Profile: Kofi Annan
The former US ambassador to the United Nations, Richard Holbrooke, once described Kofi Annan as "the best secretary general in the history of the UN".

Mr Annan is widely seen as an independent leaderThat however was the view of the representative of a Democratic US administration. The Republicans have been far less sympathetic.

Indeed, there was a near-open break in September 2004 when, in a BBC interview, Mr Annan declared about the invasion of Iraq, an issue that has dominated the last years of his time in office: "I've indicated that it was not in conformity with the UN Charter. From our point of view, from the charter point of view, it was illegal."

The 2003 Iraq invasion is not a time Mr Annan looks back to fondly, recalling it as a "depressing period", and one which exposed many flaws in the world body - shortcomings he tried to tackle during his remaining time in office.

New doctrine

Born in Kumasi, Ghana, in 1938, Mr Annan studied in Kumasi, Minnesota, Massachusetts and Geneva before joining the UN in 1962 as an administrative and budget officer with the World Health Organization.

He has served with the UN Economic Commission for Africa in Addis Ababa, the UN Emergency Force in Ismailia; the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Geneva, and at the UN Headquarters in New York where he was head of Peacekeeping Operations.
The only negotiable road to global peace and cooperation goes by way of the United Nations. Mr Annan has been pre-eminent in bringing new life to the organisation

Nobel judgesHe became secretary general in 1997 after the US had firmly declared its intention to veto a second term for Boutros Boutros Ghali.

Mr Annan faced some formidable challenges when he first came to office, not least the fact that the organisation was approaching bankruptcy.

After a trip to Washington to urge repayment of dues, Mr Annan's first major initiative was his plan for reform: Renewing the United Nations. He streamlined the UN bureaucracy, cutting 1,000 of 6,000 positions at its New York headquarters.

Nobel winner

Aside from his difficulties over the Iraq issue, the secretary general is widely admired for his efforts on behalf of Africa, where the problems of war, famine, disease, and the displacement of millions of civilians continue to blight development and progress.

He has shown personal commitment to tackling the Aids epidemic, teasing money out of the coffers of the world's richest nations and persuading many countries, particularly in Africa, to recognise the grave threat that Aids and HIV infection pose to their future.

In 2001, Mr Annan and the UN received the Nobel Peace Prize.
The judges said: "The only negotiable road to global peace and co-operation goes by way of the United Nations. (Mr Annan) has been pre-eminent in bringing new life to the organisation."

Oil-for-food

He was however criticised in a report for the mismanagement of the oil-for-food programme under which Iraq, under sanctions, was allowed to sell oil for food and medicines. The report, by the former head of the US Federal Reserve Paul Volcker, said that Saddam Hussein had been left to rake in kickbacks and illegal profits.

Kofi Annan was cleared of helping his son Kojo who worked for a company that won the contract to monitor the programme.

He has also been criticised for not acting more urgently in the crises in Bosnia and Rwanda. He was head of the UN peacekeeping operations when the Srebrenica and Rwanda massacres took place.

Reform

Mr Annan's major project at the UN was reform. In a speech in September 2003 he said that the UN was at a "fork in the road".

He pressed for a new philosophy - that of intervention. The UN must place itself above the rights of sovereign states when necessary to protect civilians from war and mass slaughter, he declared.

He appointed a panel of "wise men" who drew up a report agreeing that the UN should assume a role when a state had failed in its "responsibility to protect" its citizens.

In September 2005, a UN declaration stated that "every sovereign government has a 'responsibility to protect' its citizens and those within its jurisdiction from genocide, mass killing, and massive and sustained human rights violations."

The application of this principle remains to be worked out in practice but the principle itself might be Kofi Annan's most important legacy at the UN.

Friday, September 29, 2006

Why black Africa should resist Arab domination of AU

Why black Africa should resist Arab domination of AU

By ChinweizuPosted to the Web: Friday, September 01, 2006

Part I: The Arab Quest for Lebensraum in Africa“

The third of the Arab community living outside Africa should move in with the two-thirds on the continent and join the African Union “which is the only space we have’ — Col. Mouammar Gadhafi of Libya, at the Arab League, 2001

Many AfriKans take great exception to the sentiments and views expressed by Col. Gadhafi at the March 2001, Amman, Jordan meeting of the Arab League. --Prof. Kwesi Kwa Prah, 2004, in a paper to the AU [both quotes in Bankie and Mchombu eds, 2006:217, 235]Besides joining Prof. Prah and the other Afrikans who take exception to Gadhafi’s statement, I should like to point out that Gadhafi’s invitation to his fellow Arabs is nothing but a declaration of race war on Africa.

It is an invitation to more Arabs to invade and colonize Africa. Indeed, it is a call for the final phase of the 15 centuries old Arab lebensraum war on Afrikans - a war to Islamise and conquer all of Africa, from Cairo to the Cape and from Senegal to Somalia, and to then enslave or Arabise all the conquered Afrikans.

In order to make that clear, it is necessary to first put his invitation in the context of the traditions of Arab melanophobia and negrophobia, and of Arab expansionist ambitions and conquests that go back to the time of their Arab prophet, Mohammed.
Melanophobia and Negrophobia in Arab culture:

The following excerpt from The Crisis of Identity in Northern Sudan: A Dilemmaof a Black people with a White Culture, by Al-Baqir al-Afif Mukhtar, gives an insight into the melanophobia and negrophobia that Arab culture has reeked of since before the time of Mohammed: “The contempt towards . . . the dark skinned is expressed in a thousand ways in the documents, literature and art that have come down to us from the Islamic Middle Ages.

. . This literature, and especially popular literature, depicts (the black man) in the form of hostile stereotypes - as a demon in fairy tales, as a savage in the stories of travel and adventure, or commonly as a lazy, stupid, evil-smelling and lecherous slave. . . .

Ibn Khaldun sees the blacks as “characterized by levity and excitability and great emotionalism” and [says] that “they are everywhere described as stupid” . . . al-Dimashqi had the following to say: “The Equator is inhabited by communities of blacks who may be numbered among the savage beasts. Their complexion and hair are burnt and they are physically and morally abnormal. Their brains almost boil from the sun’s heat.”

Ibn al-Faqih al-Hamadhani follows the same line of reasoning. To him . . . the zanj . . .are “overdone until they are burned so that the child comes out between black, murky, malodorous, stinking, and crinkly- haired, with uneven limbs, deficient minds, and depraved passions. . .”
Arab-Muslim doctrines on Black enslavement:


The following excerpt [from Blasphemy Before God: The Darkness of Racism In Muslim Culture by Adam Misbah aI-Haqq, shows how and why Arabs incurably believe in enslaving blacks: “Classic Muslim thought maintained that blacks became legitimate slaves by virtue of the colour of their skin.

The justification of the early Muslim equation of blackness with servitude was found in the Genesis story so popularly called “the curse of Ham,” in reference to one of Noah’s sons . . . .In the Arab- Muslim version, blacks are cursed to be slaves and menials, Arabs are blessed to be prophets and nobles, while Turks and Slavs are destined to be kings and tyrants. . . .

The famous Al-Tabari, for example, cites no less than six Prophetic traditions which seek to support this story. One tradition reads: Ham begat all those who are black and curly- haired, while Japheth begat those who are full faced with small eyes, and Shem begat everyone who is handsome of face (Arabs of course) with beautiful hair. Noah prayed that the hair of Ham’s descendants would not grow past their ears, and wherever his descendants met the children of Shem, the latter would enslave them.


Ahmad Ibn Hanbal reported a saying attributed to the Prophet which in effect states that God created the white race (dhurriyyah bayd) from the right shoulder of Adam and created the black race (dhurriyyah sawd) from Adam’s left shoulder. Those of Adam’s right shoulder would enter Paradise and those of the left, Perdition. Other equally racist sayings have been attributed to the Prophet in the traditions.


Contradicting this spirit, there are the sayings of the Prophet which equate the value of a person to his God-consciousness (taqwa), and to their piety without any regard to the tribal or ethnocentric concerns of a racist purport. Such [egalitarian] reports [were overshadowed by] the more deeply rooted tradition of racial bigotry . . . [emphasized by] Muslim geographers and travellers who ventured into Africa. . . .

Al-Maqdisi wrote, “ . . . As for the Zanji, they are people of black colour, flat noses, kinky hair, and little understanding or intelligence.” . . . Ibn Khaldun (d. 1406CE) added that blacks are “only humans who are closer to dumb animals than to rational beings.” . . . Even such luminaries as Ibn Sina considered blacks to be “people who are by their very nature slaves.” .
. . The creation or resurgence of the mythology of Ham also made darkskinned people synonymous with servitude in light-skinned Muslim thinking.


This went so far that eventually, the term abd (slave), went through a semantic development and came to specifically refer to “black slave” while lightskinned slaves were referred to as mamluks. And further on in later usage, the Arabic word came to mean “black man” of whatever status. . . .”


We can now see why, when an Arab sees anyone with black skin, all he notices is a dumb animal that he is licensed and even obliged by his religion to capture and enslave. With that background on the Arab tradition of enslaving and holding blacks in profound contempt, let us now examine the meaning of Gadhafi’s call for lebensraum.

In 2001, the Libyan leader, Gadhafi, under the cover of advancing the Nkrumahist Pan- African project of African Unity, was concluding his sub-imperial assignment to round up the African states into his Arab-dominated AU for easier muzzling and control by global imperialism. At an Arab League meeting in Amman, Jordan, Gadhafi exposed another hidden agenda of his AU project when he observed that 2/3 of the world’s [approximately 250million] Arabs now live in Africa, and he invited the rest to move into Africa and join them.

Though the Pan-African News Agency (PANA) reported it and posted it on its website, I wonder how many African leaders took note of Gadhafi’s invitation and saw the danger it poses for Africa. What Afrikans (i.e. the indigenous peoples of Africa) should particularly note is his reason for the invitation, namely, that Africa is the only space Arabs have.

This is so reminiscent of the Nazi project of seizing living space, lebensraum, for the Germans from their neighbours in Eastern Europe that any sensible Afrikan must understand it as a threat to all Afrikans.

More importantly, it spells out, for all but the willfully and suicidally deaf to hear, the grand geopolitical purpose behind Arab policy and action in Africa in the last 50 years. But first, we need to put Gadhafi’s invitation in the context that allows us to appreciate the full danger to Afrikans from this enduring Arab ambition for lebensraum. Since the death of their prophet, Mohammed, Arabs have been relentlessly seizing lebensraum – living space—in Africa.

Since their conquest of Egypt in 642, they have taken over all of North Africa, and most of the Nile valley and some of their tribes have even infiltrated as far west from the Nile as Lake Chad. Arabs have, by now, occupied supra-Sahara Africa and the Nile Valley, i.e. more than one-third of the African landmass, and they are still grabbing more and moving tenaciously to conquer the rest.

Arab expansionism in Africa, 640-1900

I wonder how many Afrikans today wonder how it came about that Arabs, whose homeland is the Arabian Peninsula, came to occupy all of supra-Sahara Africa, from the Sinai peninsula across to Morocco’s Atlantic coast. And what they did to the Black Egyptians, Black Berbers and other blacks who were the aborigines of all that expanse of land? Similarly, Afrikans need to inquire into why and how an Arab minority has ruled Sudan since 1956? And how did it come about that we hear of Arab tribes in Darfur, Chad and even in Nigeria’s Bornu State? Until 640 AD, there were no Arab settlers of any kind in all those places. But in that year, hungry Arab hordes desperate for plunder and greener pastures charged out of Arabia, flying the flag of their new religion, Islam, and conquered Egypt by 642.

Egypt thereafter became their base for invading and seizing lebensraum all the way west to Morocco and Mauritania, and southward up the Nile.

In the first phase of conquest, an Arab raiding army reached Tangier on the Atlantic in 682. Then in the 11th Century, the Fatimids who were then ruling in Egypt, unleashed Bedouin Arab tribes, such as the Beni Hilal and Beni Sulaim, into the Maghreb. These Bedouin tribes overran as far west as Morocco in the 12th and 13th centuries, and brought about the Arabisation of the indigenous Berber population of the Maghreb whom they swamped.

They reached northern Mauritania by the 14th Century. Also in the 14th Century, Guhayna Arab tribes, edged out of Egypt, infiltrated up the Nile into Sudan. In 1820, Mohammed Ali Pasha sent an expedition from Egypt that conquered Northern Sudan by 1841. In 1869, Ismail Pasha attempted to annex the region from Juba/Gondokoro to Lake Victoria, a region that would become Uganda and Sudan’s Equatoria Province. He failed, but the British who ruled from 1899 to 1956 later incorporated Equatoria into the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. In 1874, the Jellaba-Arab slave raider, Zubair Pasha conquered Dar Fur for the Egyptians. Also in the 19th Century, Awlad Sulaiman Arabs migrated, in the 1840s, from the Fezzan in Libya into the Lake Chad area, and Shuwa Arabs in search of pasturelands moved, in the 1810s, from Chad into the Bornu area of what became Nigeria.

From the late 19th Century until the 1950s, Arab expansionism in Africa was stopped in its tracks by the European powers who conquered and partitioned Africa among themselves. Only with the retreat of European political rule did opportunity arise for Arab expansionism to resume its march. And it promptly did.

Arab expansionism in Africa since 1956, i.e. in the era of continentalist Pan-Africanism.Continentalist Pan-Africanism was launched in 1958 at the Accra Conference of Independent African States (CIAS). It has been the dominant tendency within Pan-Africanism ever since, and it has given birth to the Arab-dominated OAU/AU. As some observers have pointed out, the Arab League, established in 1945, is the institutional organ for realizing the Arab aspirations for unity and imperial resurgence through “an Arab-Islamic empire across Africa into the Middle East.” Under its aegis, Arab nationalism resumed its expansion in Africa when, on attaining independence in 1956, the Jellaba-Arab minority government of Sudan defined Sudan as an Arab country and set out to enforce that definition on Sudan’s African majority.
Islamisation and Arabisation of Black Africa: the pilot project in Sudan:

It has been noted by Opoku Agyeman that Pan-Arabism, in its so-called ‘civilizing mission’ perceives Africa as a ‘cultural vacuum’ waiting to be filled by Arab culture “by all conceivable means” [Agyeman, 1994:30] including Islamisation, and the settlement of Arab populations on lands forcibly seized from Africans.

The assumptions, objectives and methods of this project may be illustrated from the statements of its principal implementers in Sudan:“You are aware that the end of all our efforts and this expense is to procure Negroes. Please show zeal in carrying out our wishes in this capital matter.”--Muhammad Ali Pasha, Ruler of Egypt, 1825, in a letter to one of his generals in Sudan, quoted in [Nyaba, 2002:36]


In his 1955 book on the orbital scheme [the three circles at whose center he envisioned Egypt to be], President Nasser characterized Africa as “the remotest depths of the jungle,” and as merely a candidate for Egypt’s “spread of enlightenment and civilization” via Islamisation-Arabisation.
-Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt, 1955, quoted in [Agyeman,1994:34].
“Sudan is geographically in Africa but is Arab in its aspirations and destiny.

We consider ourselves the Arab spearhead in Africa, linking the Arab world to the African continent.” -Sudanese Prime Minister, Mahgoub, 1968, quoted in [Agyeman, 1994:38]. Sudan “is the basis of the Arab thrust into the heart of Black Africa, the Arab civilizing mission.”- President Nimeiry of Sudan, 1969, quoted in [Agyeman, 1994:39] “We want to Islamise America and Arabise Africa” – Dr. Hassan El-Turabi, chief ideologue of Jellaba-Arab minority rule in Sudan, 1999, quoted in [Nyaba, 2002:27]. “The south [Sudan] will remain an inseparable part of the land of Islam, God willing, even if the war continued for decades.”-Osama bin Laden, April 2006, [from an edited translation of an audiotape attributed to al-Qaeda leader, Osama bin Laden, parts of which were aired by Aljazeera on April 23, 2006]


This thrusting of Arab spears into the body and soul of Black Africa through deAfrikanisation campaigns of Islamisation-Arabisation was, of course, not confined to Sudan, but has been done wherever Arabs spotted an opportunity to exploit Afrikan weakness, such as Mauritania, Chad, Somalia, Eritrea, Uganda. In the past 40 years, Libya’s Gadhafi has been particularly active in sponsoring chaos, anarchy and civil wars in Chad, Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire etc., and in trying to Islamise Uganda, Rwanda, the CAR etc.

For example, in a live broadcast on Rwanda Radio on 17 May, 1985, Gadhafi said: "First, you must stick to your Islamic religion and insist that your children are taught the Islamic religion and you teach the Arabic language because without the Arabic language, we could not understand Islam. . . You must teach that Islam is the religion of Africa. . . You must raise your voice high and declare that Allah is great because Africa must be the refugee camps in neighbouring Chad. . . .Muslim. . . We must wage a holy war so that Islam may spread in Africa. --quoted in [Bankie and Mchombu, 2006:239-240].Why do Gadhafi and other Arabisers sponsor Islamisation? S

Steve Biko pointed out the fundamental reason why imperialists make a point of converting their victims to their Christian religion when he said: It has always been the pattern throughout history that whosoever brings the new order knows it best and is therefore the perpetual teacher of those to whom the new order is being brought. If the white missionaries were “right” about their God in the eyes of the people, then the African people could only accept whatever these new know-all tutors had to say about life.


The acceptance of the colonialist-tainted version of Christianity marked the turning point in the resistance of African people. [Biko, 1987:56]. Steve Biko’s observation helps explain why Arab hegemonists like Gadhafi insist on Islamising their intended victims. Since the death of their prophet, Mohammed, Islam has been the religious cloak and entry-dagger of Arab imperialism. Islamisation is used as a prelude to the project of Arabisation.

Among the targeted victims, Islam privileges the Arabic language and culture. Arab names and customs are made obligatory, and the anathema on Jahiliya discourages remembrance of the pre-Islamic, non-Arab culture of an Islamised people. It should be noted that the core Islamic countries that stretch contiguously from the Maghreb to Pakistan are fragments of the empire that Arabs conquered and ruled from 632-1517 when the Turks, under Selim the Grim, conquered Egypt and Syria and extinguished the Arab Abbasid Caliphate. Thus, the core lands of Dar-al-Islam today are a continuation of the Arab Empire.

Just as the Commonwealth is the euphemistic PR name for the enduring British Empire, so too Dar-al-Islam is the euphemistic PR name for the enduring Arab Empire. In fact, Dar-al-Islam is simply the Arab empire in religious camouflage, and the Umma are the Arab citizens/masters and the non-Arab subjects of the enduring Arab Empire.

Gadhafi and the Arab lebensraum project in the 21st Century in furtherance of his lebensraum project, in May 2003, proposed a tripartite union of Libya, Sudan and Egypt, a move reminiscent of Hitler’s Anschluss project that annexed, in 1938, Austria as well as Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland. To appreciate the menace in Gadhafi’s invitation, Afrikans would do well to consider Hitler’s drive for lebensraum and how it was stopped.

Just as Gadhafi wants to enlarge Arabia inside Africa, Hitler wanted to enlarge Germany within Europe by the acquisition of a territory for settlement, which will enhance the area of the mother country, and hence not only keep the new settlers in the most intimate community with the land of their origin, but secure for the total area those advantages which lie in its unified magnitude. [Hitler, 1971: 653] Hitler looked east for Germany’s expansion in Europe. In Nazi ideology, Lebensraum meant the expansion of Germany eastward to conquer lands for Germans to settle and peoples for Germans to enslave. According to Hitler, the ideal war was one of conquest, extermination, and subjugation; the ideal area in which to conduct such a war was in the east, where the German people would win for itself the lebensraum.


The Nazi theory of Lebensraum became Germany’s foreign policy during the Third Reich. A key element in Hitler’s plan for lebensraum was the idea of military expansion and the forced expulsion of the nations of Poland, Ukraine, Russia etc. and their replacement with German settlers. The Lebensraum ideology was a major factor in Hitler’s launching of Operation Barbarossa in June 1941.

As the German armies moved eastward, the Nazis began to turn large areas of Soviet territory into German settlement areas. The biggest obstacle to implementing the Lebensraum further was the fact that by the end of 1942, the Sixth Army was defeated in Stalingrad. After the second big defeat in the tank battle at Kursk during July 1943 and the Allied landings in Sicily, all further Lebensraum plans came to a halt.
USA, Australia, Russia — case studies of lebensraum.

Faced, from the 16th Century, with European invaders seeking lebensraum, the Native Americans in what became the USA, failed to muster the necessary will and forces to defeat and drive the invaders away; as a result, these indigenous peoples were exterminated and lost their continent by the late 19th Century. Bands of their remnants were herded into reservations and left to slowly die out. Similarly in the 19th Century, the Australian aborigines failed to muster the necessary will and forces to defeat and drive away the invaders from Europe. They too were exterminated. In contrast, the Russians in the 20th Century, under Stalin, mustered the necessary will and forces, defeated Hitler’s armies and chased them back all the way to Berlin and obliged Hitler to commit suicide.

As these contrasting examples make clear, seekers of lebensraum can only be stopped by decisively defeating and driving them away. How did the Russians manage to do that? First of all, their leaders took quite seriously the Nazi talk of seeking lebensraum in Eastern Europe, and prepared for war. In February 1931, Stalin predicted and warned his people: ‘We are 50 or 100 years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this lag in 10 years. Either we do it or they crush us.’ And he drove his people with the proverbial whip and scorpion, and forced them to industrialize at a desperate pace. And Russia industrialized in 10 years flat! Which was just in time to be ready when Hitler unleashed his armies on Russia in June 1941. And by 1943, Hitler’s lebensraum project lay in ruins as his mighty armies had been defeated by Stalin’s armies.

It took another two years of hard fighting for the Russians to drive Hitler’s armies all the way back to Berlin. Had they not done so, there would be no Russia or Poland or Ukraine etc today. All the land from Berlin to the Urals would have been taken over and settled by Germans. And any Russians not exterminated would have been enslaved as Hitler intended.

If Afrikans want to escape at Arab hands the type of fate that Hitler planned for the Russians, we need to learn from Stalin’s example. We need to build a megastate and industrialize it at breakneck speed into a modern power. And we need to defeat the Arabs and drive them back across the Sahara.

The first step is to expel all Arab League countries from the AU, or better yet, to destroy this enemy-controlled AU and organize a Black World League of States to serve as the collective security outfit exclusively for the Blacks of the World. The second step is to militarily discourage any further Arab expansion into sub-Sahara Africa.

We must firmly bear in mind that lebensraum ambitions are effected by military action, as in Sudan’s war on the SPLM, and its use of Janjawid militias in Darfur and Chad. And we must also firmly bear in mind that such ambitions are destroyed only by military action. To think of any other way is suicidal foolishness. So Gadhafi’s ambition must be finally defeated militarily by Afrikan power, and the sooner the better for Afrikans.

Part II: The Challenge to Pan-Afrikanism

First, they came for the Communists, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a Jew.Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn’t speak up because I wasn’t a trade unionist.
Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn’t speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me, and by that time, no one was left to speak up for me.

-Pastor Martin Niemöller (1892-1984)

In the last 15 centuries, Arab invaders have grabbed 1/3 of the African continent, and systematically enslaved, exterminated or Arabised the blacks they met there. How? I have already quoted examples from the mission statements of the anti-Afrikan leaders of the Arab expansionists since 1820 in Sudan.

Let us now see examples of how they’ve gone about implementing their policy on the ground since 1956 while the OAU/AU Pan-Africanists determinedly looked the other way or buried their ostrich heads in the sand. The following are instructive excerpts, about the events in al-Di’ein and Dar Fur, from Islamisation and Arabisation of Africans as a means to Political Power in the Sudan by Sudanese scholar, M. Jalaal Haashim: al-Di’ein 1987
As its civil war with the SPLM/SPLA intensified, the Jellaba-Arabist Sudan government of al-Sadiq al-Mahdi (1986-1989) used the Baggara Arabs to punish those Dinka who lived on the border of Kordufan and Dar Fur, such as the Ngog, on the assumption that all the Dinka were SPLM/SPLA.

“The Baggara tribes in Kordufan and Dar Fur are nomadic Arabs who have been greatly influenced by the Nilotic tribes, especially the Dinka, from whom they have taken the cows for livestock and the colour of blackness . . . . Until then, the hostility between the two sides was relatively kept at bay due to their historical inter-relationship. Thousands of Dinka who fled the war zone came and lived with the Baggara. This is how in a certain village called al-Di’ein in Southern Dar Fur, more than 6,000 Dinka people peacefully took refuge and lived with the Baggara.

In 1987, the government of Sadiq al-Mahdi established the infamous Popular Defence Forces (PDF) as a pretext for officially arming the Baggara Arabs to fight the Southerners. Armed in this way, the marauding Baggara squads of PDF began making incursions into the South, raiding the Dinka villages. [These] naturally sought help from the SPLM/SPLA [who] came to the rescue . . . .

In all aspects, the Baggara Arabs were unequal to the SPLA. Suffering defeat after defeat, . . . the Baggara began nursing deep hatred towards the Dinka in general, [and finally directed their revenge on] the peaceful Dinka who were living with them at al- Di’ein . . .In one day in mid 1987, at least 1,000 Dinka were massacred, 4,000 were burned alive, and the survivors - around 1,000 - were enslaved.

The massacre began early in the day. At first, the bewildered Dinka did not believe what was going on. When reality dawned on them, they fled into the houses of their hosts who were also their attackers. They were dragged by their feet like animals to be butchered outside the houses of their hosts. The Dinka took refuge in the Church; there they were killed along with the priest. Then they ran and took refuge inside the Police station, which was part of the railway station, but, alas, the Police turned out to be accomplices.


They were killed there also. Whether in good or bad faith . . . they were ill-advised to take refuge in the empty carriages of a standing freight train so they could be taken away from al-Di’ein. With the trustfulness usually shown by totally vulnerable and helpless people in their eagerness to cling to a straw, they hurriedly obeyed. Once crammed inside, they were locked in from outside.

Caged in like animals, they saw with their own eyes barrels full of diesel being rolled toward them. They were burnt alive, all of them. Only then, with the barbecue smell of that holocaust, did the Baggara come to their senses. The survivors were fortunate that they were only enslaved. Slavery was the common sense of that doomed day . . . . In the period 1989-1999, only God knows how many massacres like that of al-Di’ein took place.”
The Janjawid campaign of genocide:

“A decade after the Dinka massacre in al-Di’ein, the scenario of ethnic manipulation by the state expanded to cover the whole of Dar Fur and most of Kordufan, . . . [and] the era of terror of the infamous Janjawid had been launched. . . .

Dar Fur has been the victim of the involvement of the neighbouring Arab states in the civil war in Chad that flared up in the 1970s. Libya, an extreme advocate of Pan-Arabism with highly volatile policies, intervened in Chad with the sole aim of helping the Arab nomad tribes with money, logistics and arms. . . .

The government of Khartoum has not only backed the nomadic Arab tribes, but has also armed them and fought by land and air along with them.

All through the decade of 1982-1992, skirmishes and limited killings were commonplace in Dar Fur. The Khartoum government dubbed them ‘armed robbery’. In 1995, the massacres were launched first against the Masalit tribe of the state of West Dar Fur. The governor himself was a Masalit Muslim brother who was given orders from Khartoum to let his sedentary people host a heavily armed clan of pastoralist Baggara who were driven out of Chad to be welcomed by the Khartoum government simply out of bias for the Arabs. . . .

The Masalit welcomed the Baggara. Under the official eyes of the State government which was headed by their own son, thousands of the Masalit were butchered in mid 1995. . . . ”
Through these “gruesome atrocities . . ., which are being overtly committed by State- backed Arab tribes”, the nomadic Arab tribes of Dar Fur have been committing genocide and ethnic cleansing against the African sedentary tribes. As both the culprit and the victim are Muslims, the Afro-Arab race war nature of the genocide becomes very clear. As Jalaal Haashim points out, the conflicts in Sudan are “a racist war camouflaged with religion.”

But how exactly do these Arab marauders carry out ethnic cleansing? The next excerpt, from Singing while their men rape, THE GUARDIAN, NAIROBI Wednesday, July 21, 2004, Page 6, tells of an ongoing example of organized raping and killing and enslavement carried out by the Janjawid in Dar Fur:

According to an Amnesty International report published in 2004, “While African women in Darfur were being raped by the Janjaweed militiamen, Arab women stood nearby and sang for joy . . .The songs of the Hakama, or the “Janjaweed women” as the refugees call them, encouraged the atrocities which the militiamen committed. . . . During an attack on the village of Disa in June last year, Arab women accompanied the attackers and sang in praise of the government and scorning black villagers.


According to an African chief quoted in the report, the singers said: “The blood of the blacks runs like water, we take their goods and we chase them from our area and our cattle will be in their land.” “The power of (Sudanese president Omer Hassan) al-Bashir belongs to the Arabs and we will kill you until the end, you blacks, we have killed your God.” The chief said that the Arab women also racially insulted women from the village, saying: “You are gorillas, you are black and you are badly dressed.”

The Janjaweed have abducted women for use as sex slaves, in some cases breaking their limbs to prevent them escaping, as well as carrying out rapes in their home villages, the report said. The militiamen “are happy when they rape. They sing when they rape and they tell that we are just slaves and that they can do with us how they wish,” a 37-year-old victim, identified as A, was quoted as saying in the report, which was based on over
To be continued
*Paper presented at the Global Pan-African Reparations and Repatriation Conference (GPARRC) on 25 July, 2006, at the University of Ghana, Legon

Re: The concept of a United States of Africa

PAN-AFRICAN ASSOCIATIONS OF AMERICA FORWARD

From: Dominic Maku <dwm598@mail.usask.ca>
Date: Saturday, August 05, 2006 6:36 AM
To: mark wood <greenvalleyreporter@journalist.com>

Subject: Re: The concept of a United States of Africa must immediately be
I am one of those who think that Africans must be respected in the first place. All my school years I have read extensively about the history of Africa before coming to Canada. Now I am a graduate with a Master of education degree of which I would like to teach history and politics where ever I go.One way of doing things could be through educating the people about the significance of the respect that human beings deserve (including Africans). We are trying to establish a Pan-Africanist University in South Sudan,but we are being constained by lack of funds.However, we are hopeful that one day it will be done.Please let me know if there will be such a help in the United States of America. We are looking for friends all over the world. Additionally, I would like to join the Pan-Africanist movement and if you could, keep me in touch.

Thank you.Dominic

Wednesday, September 27, 2006

Khadaffi praised for promoting a United States of Africa

The Chairman of the African Union (AU) Commission, Alpha Omar Konare praised the pioneering role of the Libyan Leader in promoting the march of the AU towards the establishment of the United States of Africa.

In a speech, delivered on the occasion of signing a memorandum of understanding for joint cooperation between the AU and the Republic of Venezuela in Caracas, Konare said: "The outbreak of Great Al-Fatah Revolution in Libya is the most important factor that led to the establishment of the AU as a historical strategical achievement for Africa that has begun its march in the city of Sirte on 9/9/99 and it is still progressing towards the establishment of a united Africa with its political, economic, financial, media and cultural institutions".Africa is determined to advance through the AU towards more integration, highlighting Africa's strong will and resources that entitle it to play a strategic role in the world, he added.The Minister of Foreign Relations in Venezuela, Nicholas Medora, underlined that signing this agreement between the AU and his country reflects a new direction in Venezuela's foreign policy depending on the principle of South- South cooperation particularly between the Latin and African continents.The Libyan leader is largely responsible for the creation of the new African Union which comprises all 53 states of Africa and replaced the former Organisation of African Unity (OAU).
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Date:
28 Sep 2006 00:39 UTC [HELP]
Comment:
The Internet coalition that prompted Gadaffi's United States of Africa mandate
Your Name:
Mark Wood (IP: Logged) HELPIP:4.245.103.156
-->

The truth should at least be known as to why Khadaffi adapted the United States of Africa mandate.Our Internet Coalition USA4USAfrica which I founded in January 1996 has copies of the original faxes and e-mails we sent to Lybia's consulate, embassy and state offices here, directly to Lybian newspapers and media links in the web internet's early days of 1996 - 1998 - some of these were forwarded to Khadaffi and gained his attention after which he immediately gave news releases to CNN which was the first worldwide media attention the current efforts of a US Africa movement have received. All documented - see the usa4usafrica website:

Absolute proof Gadaffi was inspired to a United Africa from our initial contacts
Your Name:
Mark Wood (IP: Logged) HELPIP:4.245.103.156
-->

Please understand I am not a glory hog on who statred the 3rd generation push for a United Africa, but when internet archive records prove the organization I started was the 1st Internet based coalition to united Africa as one nation to appear on the web for that purpose. Internet archive snapshots date our first website for a united Africa in 1996 a full two years before Khadaffi first gained media attention on the mandate that is now getting on the radar maps of the world's media. The major factions of which still refuse to even mention the words United States of Africa on network TV in the US let alone in print.our original site for the movement: geocities.com/unitedstatesafrica still shows on most search engines on any search regarding united africa, united states of africa, and especially on searches for mark wood, united states of africa and unitedstatesafrica period.I feel we should at least be acknowledges for our efforts that continue today at www.unitedstatesafrica.com and our sub set websites.

Libya returns to world stage

Wednesday, September 8, 1999 Published at 11:53 GMT 12:53 UK World: Middle EastLibya returns to world stage Colonel Gaddafi: Hoping to become an international player again Libya is celebrating its return to the world stage, after almost a decade of international isolation, by hosting a specially-convened summit of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU).
And in a sign that Libya intends to become an international player once more, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi treated African heads of state to a display of military might on the eve of the meeting, which will discuss his vision of a United States of Africa.
Soldiers from across the continent - from countries embroiled in the Democratic Republic of Congo conflict to a contingent of women fighters from Eritrea - joined a huge military parade commemorating 30 years of the Libyan revolution.
As the Libyan leader saluted the troops, long-range missiles, warplanes and tanks passed in front of the leaders for their approval.
Pursuing the dream of a "United States of Africa"The traditional revolutionary parade was postponed from 1 September, the anniversary of the 1969 coup which brought Colonel Gaddafi to power, to coincide with the arrival of the African leaders.
The commemorations are the largest since the United Nations suspended international sanctions in April, after the country handed over two suspects in the bombing of a Pan Am plane over Lockerbie, Scotland, in 1988.
Although a number of the leaders broke the UN sanctions to visit Tripoli, correspondents say the presence of more than 20 heads of state gives Colonel Gaddafi the legitimacy he needs to claim an international role.
The central issue of the summit, which is taking place in the coastal city of Sirte, 250 miles (400km) east of the capital, Tripoli, will be Libya's proposal to move towards the creation of a "United States of Africa".
Colonel Gaddafi has accused Arab countries of failing to stand by him during the sanctions and is now turning his attentions to Africa.
Polite enthusiasm
And to drive home the point, banners proclaiming that "Africa is for Africans," and "The imperialist West is responsible for Africa's backwardness" and "Yes to the project of the United States of Africa", lined the route of the revolutionary parade.
But the continent's leaders themselves appear to be treating the idea politely, but with no great enthusiasm, according to the BBC's John Simpson in Tripoli.
President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe said diplomatically that everyone cherished the principle that one day Africa should be united.
The Ugandan leader, Yoweri Museveni, said the real debate should be between pan-Africanism and the need for regional union in Africa - and he made it clear he thought it was regional union that mattered.

The Internet coalition that prompted Gadaffi's United States of Africa mandate

Date:
28 Sep 2006 00:39
Comment:
The Internet coalition that prompted Gadaffi's United States of Africa mandate
Your Name:
Mark Wood (IP: Logged)
-->

The truth should at least be known as to why Khadaffi adapted the United States of Africa mandate.

Our Internet Coalition USA4USAfrica which I founded in January 1996 has copies of the original faxes and e-mails we sent to Lybia's consulate, embassy and state offices here, directly to Lybian newspapers and media links in the web internet's early days of 1996 - 1998 - some of these were forwarded to Khadaffi and gained his attention after which he immediately gave news releases to CNN which was the first worldwide media attention the current efforts of a US Africa movement have received.

All documented - see the usa4usafrica website: www.unitedstatesafrica.com

I wanted to give you an update on the building of the United States of Africa coalition I started back in 96 with Robert Wood - Our mission remains the same, to unite Africa as one nation and thus unite the world, in uniting Africa as one nation.God willing.* take a look at the Current sites for the movement at:

http://unitedstatesafrica.com
http://unitedstatesafrica.50megs.com
http://unitedstatesofafrica.blogspot.com
http://unitedstatesafrica.tripod.com

The United States of Africa - Please forward to anyone who has cried a tear for Africa and wants to see a change."There are no words to describe what I feel about the possibility of the achievement of The United States of Africa.

The applause of the entire globe could not give this cause justice, and justice is what this cause will bring. I am sure that the US of Africa will mean the extinction of poverty and the promotion of world Unity. I know the day will come when its constitution is signed. It will be signed not with greed and power in mind, but instead with love and unity. My prayers and deepest salutations are with you all." – Jared

While we understand the beginning of the USA for USAfrica may have an unusual genesis, the heart felt reasons behind the movement are unmistakable, and the need for a United States of Africa, is Undeniable.No continent in the world is better positioned than Africa, ( a United Africa ) to contribute to the welfare of Mankind over the next thousand years. As an ABC Night Line reporter covering Africa noted, "Africa is 98% virtually the same as it was a thousand years ago."

An incredible vast land of undeveloped potential both for it's people and the world.In a United States of Africa, a citizen could freely travel from Gambia to South Africa to Algeria or anywhere on the continent to seek education, opportunity, commerce or the simple pleasure of tourist travel within their vast country.A common African currency much like the EU model affords the ability to buy and sell throughout the continent with a reliable backed currency.

A transcontinental citizenship throughout Africa will one day become the envy of the free world.Much of Africa's third world debt could be relived if freedom and security of capitalism were able to thrive in any African country - state from taxes paid by companies involved in business in any African location.

An immediate positive effect would arise from local, municipal and federal levels throughout Africa. Any and all of these possibilities can only arise from what can take place in a United States of Africa. With national borders being no more restrictive than state borders, allowing transcontinental travel, commerce and opportunity for all African citizens.A United States of Africa with the largest usable coastline in the world could one day be the country that enriches all of Mankind, feeds the world, heals the world, teaches the world and balances the world.

There is so much more involved and the USA for USAfrica is not naive to the many levels that must be addressed, our point is the dialogue must begin at once, in the media, on the airwaves, in discussions and editorials.The concept of a United States of Africa must immediately be brought into public debate worldwide and among Africans themselves.

Yours in peace and a United Africa,
Mark WoodFounder, USA for USAfrica
http://unitedstatesafrica.com

http://unitedstatesafrica.50megs.com/

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1st internet based coalition to unite Africa as one nation

Reply mark836@mail.com wood-mark@sbcglobal.net
Date:
28 Sep 2006 00:53 UTC [HELP]
Comment:
Absolute proof Gadaffi was inspired to a United Africa from our initial contacts
Your Name:
Mark Wood (IP: Logged) HELPIP:4.245.103.156
-->

Please understand I am not a glory hog on who statred the 3rd generation push for a United Africa, but when internet archive records prove the organization I started was the 1st Internet based coalition to united Africa as one nation to appear on the web for that purpose.

Internet archive snapshots date our first website for a united Africa in 1996 a full two years before Khadaffi first gained media attention on the mandate that is now getting on the radar maps of the world's media. The major factions of which still refuse to even mention the words United States of Africa on network TV in the US let alone in print.our original site for the movement: geocities.com/unitedstatesafrica still shows on most search engines on any search regarding united africa, united states of africa, and especially on searches for mark wood, united states of africa and unitedstatesafrica period.

I feel we should at least be acknowledged for our efforts that continue today at www.unitedstatesafrica.com and our sub set websites.